COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Print ISSN:-2581-5210

Online ISSN:-2581-5229


Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 6 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 764

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 230

IP Indian Journal of Anatomy and Surgery of Head, Neck and Brain

A cross sectional study on the musculoskeletal problems related to neck among the bus drivers in a smart city

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : Shivakumar, Reshmina C.C. Dsouza, Praveen Kumar K, Shubham N. Rao

Volume : 3, Issue : 3, Year : 2017

Article Page : 75-77

Suggest article by email


Introduction and Objective: In India among the public transportation variable for passengers buses play a significant role. The safety of the general public both within the bus and on the road is given little times the work demands exceed the physical capacity of the worker. Musculoskeletal are a major public health problem worldwide, affect the quality of life and cause substantial morbidity and disability with consequent economic loss in terms of sickness absence and cost of treatment .cervical pain is the commonest pain experienced by bus drivers yet neglected as it becomes a part of their life and they ignore it In view of this we decided to study the neck strain among the bus drivers in a smart city and its influence on the drivers.
Materials and Method: The study was a cross sectional study conducted in Mangalore Government Bus Depot on 117 bus available drivers in the KSRTC bus Depot Mangalore over a period of 12 months from January 2016 to December 2016 chosen by Convenient sampling method. Informed written consent was obtained from the participating bus drivers who met a pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data was collected by interview method at the Mangalore bus depot after taking written informed consent from the subjects. A pre structured questionnaire containing details like basic demographic data (age, gender, occupation- number of hours of work, the nature of the work and his experience as a bus driver) was collected. The data so obtained was fed into Excel sheet and analyzed using SPSS software version 23.0. A ‘p’ value less than 0.05(p<0.05) is considered significant.
Results and Observations: During the study period 117 drivers were evaluated. The mean age in our study was 41.18 years SD 4905 years. The maximum age in our study was 58 years and least age was 24 years, most common age group was 40-45 years. 66 % had involvement of neck in our study in some form or the other in our study. The neck pain forced the drivers to take leave in the rest the neck pain was mild in the mid day and increased as day progressed. Other related musculoskeletal disorders among bus drivers were back 322.3%, knee pain 15.7%, shoulder 5.3%, ankle and feet 3%.
Conclusion: As long durations are the most important predisposing factors for development of musculoskeletal disorders we recommend that adequate rest breaks be provided so that the musculoskeletal system is put to rest instead of overburdening it.

Musculoskeletal disorders, Smart city, Transport, Bus, Drivers.


How to cite : Shivakumar, Dsouza R C, Praveen Kumar K, Rao S N, A cross sectional study on the musculoskeletal problems related to neck among the bus drivers in a smart city. IP Indian J Anat Surg Head Neck Brain 2017;3(3):75-77

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP Indian J Anat Surg Head Neck Brain. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (