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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


Very rare and serious complication of central line insertion


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Case Report

Author Details : Ojaswani Rai Sood*

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 623-626


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Abstract

Central venous catheter (CVC) placement is indicated for various therapeutic and diagnostic purposes.
However, it is important to ensure its proper placement. A CVC malposition is associated with number of
recognized complications, some of which can be fatal.
Case: In a 27 year female admitted in ICU with history of seizures and oral bleed with stable vitals, 7Fch
subclavian CVC was inserted. She had progressive dyspnea, chest pain and hypotension. Although chest
X-ray showed correctly positioned CVC, CECT chest showed it was entering SVC, traversing along its
medial wall and reaching between SVC and aorta and entering in the right atrium. Also atelectic fluid
in oblique fissure, bilateral pleural effusion and small pocket of air in anterior mediastinum with minimal
mediastinal high attenuation collection was seen. This was removed and patient was under observation for
24 hours, after which she was shifted to ward.
Conclusion: Therefore location of the catheter must be verified by radiological methods. Also real-time
ultrasound reduces the number of complications associated with the technique.

Keywords: Central line, Complication, Pleural effusion, Pneumo mediastinum.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijca.2019.121

How to cite : Sood O R, Very rare and serious complication of central line insertion. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2019;6(4):623-626

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)