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CODEN : IJCACT

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


A prospective comparative study to compare cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and intubation after induction of anaesthesia by propofol and etomidate


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Author Details : Kaushal Kabir, Gaurav Acharya, Manish Banjare, KK Arora, Sachin Kumbhare

Volume : 4, Issue : 1, Year : 2017

Article Page : 41-45


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Abstract

Context: Etomidate is having more stable cardiovascular response as compared to propofol during laryngoscopy and intubation.
Aims: The present study compares the effect of propofol and etomidate on cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and intubation.
Settings and Design: This prospective comparative study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in central India.
Methods and Material: Hundred healthy patients of both sex aged between 18 to 45 years, ASA physical status I & II, scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia were selected. Patients in group P (n=48) were induced with propofol 2.5 mg/kg i.v. and group E (n=47) were induced with etomidate 0.3 mg/kg i.v. Patients’ haemodynamic and cardiovascular parameters were recorded before induction (T1), before intubation (T2) and 1, 3, 5 and 10 minutes afterwards. The haemodynamic parameters before induction i.e. T1 was taken as baseline.
Statistical analysis used: The data was collected using Microsoft Excel software and was analysed using SPSS software version17.0.
Results: There was significant difference regarding systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure among two groups. Hypotension was seen in 18.8% patients in group P after induction while there was none in group E.
Conclusions: Etomidate is having more stable cardiovascular response as compared to propofol during laryngoscopy and intubation.

Keywords:
Etomidate, Hypotension, Laryngoscopy propofol.
Key Messages: A comparison of the effect of propofol and etomidate on cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and intubation

 

How to cite : Kabir K, Acharya G, Banjare M, Arora K, Kumbhare S, A prospective comparative study to compare cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and intubation after induction of anaesthesia by propofol and etomidate. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2017;4(1):41-45

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)