Print ISSN:-2394-4781

Online ISSN:-2394-4994

CODEN : IJCACT

Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 2

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 574

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 172

Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


Comparative evaluation of the clinical efficacy of 0.5% levobupivacaine and 0.5% racemic bupivacaine in epidural anaesthesia for elective varicose vein surgery


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Senthil Kumar VS, S. Kannan

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 247-250


Suggest article by email

Abstract

Background and Aim: Racemic bupivacaine is known to be the most cardio toxic among the amide local anaesthetic. In search of an alternative it was found that the levo enantiomer has a better safety profile. This purpose of this study is to compare the clinical efficacy of 0.5% levobupivacaine with 0.5% racemic bupivacaine in epidural anaesthesia.
Materials and Methods: After the institutional ethical committee approval this double blind randomized prospective study was conducted on 50 male patients between January and August 2011. 25 patients were allocated to each group; group L received levobupivacaine and group R received racemic bupivacaine. Onset time, duration of block, level of sensory block and motor block were assessed and compared.
Observation and Results: The mean onset time was 7.739±3.3033 and 8.04±3.048 minutes in group L and in group R respectively. Level of sensory block level noted was between T10 to T5, but most patients had the level at T6. The mean duration of residual analgesia was 412.56 ± 39.11 minutes in L group and 409.56 ± 44.46 minutes in R group. The onset time, duration of block, level of sensory block were comparable and were not statistically significant. But the motor block was found to be intense and was statistically significant in the patients in R group (p 0.0498) than in L group.
Conclusion: In comparison to racemic bupivacaine, levobupivacaine produces a differential blockade but onset, duration, level of sensory blocks was similar. However racemic bupivacaine produces intense motor blockade when compared with levobupivacaine.

Keywords:
Chirality, Racemic bupivacaine, Levobupivacaine, Epidural, Bromage scale, Differential block

How to cite : Senthil Kumar Vs, Kannan S, Comparative evaluation of the clinical efficacy of 0.5% levobupivacaine and 0.5% racemic bupivacaine in epidural anaesthesia for elective varicose vein surgery. Indian J Clin Anaesth 2017;4(2):247-250

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)