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Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia


Anesthesia for neurosurgery (Part II)


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Author Details : Lalit Gupta, Bhavna Gupta*

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 299-305


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Abstract

The central nervous system (CNS) deserves special consideration in the perioperative setting for several reasons for an anesthetist. An understanding of neuroanatomy is essential because neuro anesthesia continues to develop and evolution of neurosurgical practice is accompanied by new challenges for the anesthetist. Basic knowledge and expertise of the neuro-anesthetist can directly influence patient outcome. With the recent advancement in functional and minimally invasive procedures, there is an increased emphasis on the provision of optimal operative conditions, preservation of neurocognitive function, minimizing interference with electrophysiological monitoring, and a rapid, high-quality recovery. So, during neuro anesthesia, anesthesiologist needs to know physiology of CNS including cerebral metabolism and cerebral blood flow. Neuro anesthesia can be challenging, because sometimes apparently contradictory demands must be managed, for example, achieving optimal conditions for neurophysiological monitoring while maintaining sufficient anesthetic depth, or maintaining oxygen delivery to neuronal tissue and simultaneously preventing high blood pressures that might induce local bleeding. One of the peculiarities of neuro anesthesia has always been that as much importance is attached to wakening the patient as sending them to sleep. We have included the anesthesia for neurosurgery in two parts. In the first part, we had discussed cerebral anatomy, physiology and intracranial pressure, in the second part we have included anesthesia considerations for surgery for brain tumor, aneurysmal surgery, temporal lobe surgery, trans sphenoidal surgery and traumatic brain injury. 

Keywords: Anesthesia, Neurosurgery.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-4994.2018.0058

How to cite : Gupta L , Gupta B, Anesthesia for neurosurgery (Part II). Indian J Clin Anaesth 2018;5(3):299-305

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anaesth. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)