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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Waist hip ratio as predictor of incident diabetes in young adults


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Research Article

Author Details : Sonia Singh*, Sanju Acharya

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 32-35


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Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is associated with impaired glucose tolerance which is a risk factor for
cardiovascular disease. Central obesity (approximated by waist/hip ratio) is more informative than general
obesity (body mass index). Thus, central obesity markers can be used to predict diabetes.
Objective: To find a correlation between blood sugar level and waist hip ratio in young adult males and
females.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 60 students (30 males and 30
females) of first year MBBS in the department of Physiology of Hind Institute of Medical Sciences. Their
WHR was measured and their venous blood sample was drawn in fasting and 2 hr post lunch. Statistical
analysis was done using SPSS 21.
Results: According to WHR criteria, post prandial blood sugar level was significantly raised in males ‘at
risk level’ (WHR 0.90) as compared to males ‘below risk level’ (WHR 0.90).
Conclusion: WHR is a good predictor of post prandial hyperglycemia and both are independent predictors
of cardiovascular disease.

Keywords: Waist hip ratio, Central obesity, Post-prandial hyperglycemia, Cardiovascular disease.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2020.008

How to cite : Singh S, Acharya S, Waist hip ratio as predictor of incident diabetes in young adults. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2020;7(1):32-35

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)