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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Measurement of cervical spinal canal diameter by radiographs to study the degree of cervical spinal canal stenosis in an Indian population; Predictive value of Torgs ratio to assess cervical spinal canal stenosis


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Research Article

Author Details : Peter Ericson Lingamdenne, D Krishna Chaitanya Reddy*, N L N Moorthy, Seema Madan

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 91-97


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Abstract

Introduction: Cervical myelopathy a debilitating degenerative condition occurs due to cervical spinal
canal stenosis, the incidence of which increases significantly with age and is more common above the age
of 50 years. Imaging of the spinal canal is an indispensable procedure for evaluation of cervical myelopathy
and standard lateral radiographs remain the recommended initial imaging study of choice. The present
study was undertaken to measure the cervical spinal canal diameter by lateral radiographs of the cervical
spine and to study the degree of cervical spinal canal stenosis in symptomatic patients and asymptomatic
cases. The canal body ratio and its reliability to assess cervical spinal canal stenosis and risk of cervical
myelopathy was evaluated.
Materials and Methods: In this study 200 cases who presented to the radiology department for
radiographs of cervical spine, were divided into symptomatic and asymptomatic cases and were grouped
age wise. Measurements of the cervical vertebral body and cervical spinal canal were taken. Torg ratio was
assessed. The measurements were analyzed statistically and results tabulated.
Results: Cervical spinal canal diameter was lower in symptomatic cases as compared to asymptomatic
cases across all age groups and the lowest value was measured at C3 level. All the symptomatic cases had
Torg ratio of less than 0.82, and that of C3 was lowest. The data analysis showed the sensitivity of the Torg
ratio as 100%. 40% of patients above 50 years were symptomatic and had cervical spinal canal stenosis on
lateral radiographs.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that plain films can estimate the cervical spinal canal midsagittal diameter
and be used as a first step examination for the evaluation of cervical spinal stenosis. The importance of canal
body ratio in lateral cervical radiographs for determining the stenosis of cervical spinal canal is confirmed.

Keywords: Cervical spine, Canal stenosis, Radiographs.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcap.2020.020

How to cite : Lingamdenne P E, Reddy D K C, Moorthy N L N, Madan S, Measurement of cervical spinal canal diameter by radiographs to study the degree of cervical spinal canal stenosis in an Indian population; Predictive value of Torgs ratio to assess cervical spinal canal stenosis. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2020;7(1):91-97

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)