COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804


Print ISSN:-2394-2118

Online ISSN:-2394-2126

CODEN : IJCAGX

Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 632

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 212

Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


First Sacral Pedicle – A Morphometric Analysis


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Nirmala Devi Murugesan, Mathivanan Dharmalingam

Volume : 3, Issue : 1, Year : 2016

Article Page : 30-33


Suggest article by email


Abstract

Background: Human osteology varied in various phases of human evolution. The morphology and morphometry of bones varies across different geographical areas in response to the climatic (topographical) and hereditary factors. Knowledge on Osteology plays a vital role in anthropological studies, forensic aspect, diagnostic and interventional aspects in the field of surgery. Human sacrum is a triangular fusion of five vertebrae. It forms the postero superior wall of the pelvic cavity. Sacral pedicle screw fixations are becoming increasingly popular now a days in interventions like posterior transpedicular screw fixation, pediculocorporeal screw placement for the treatment of unstable lumbosacral spine caused due to trauma, degenerative changes, malignancies and congenital anomalies. Lumbosacral spondylosis is best treated by spinal external fixation.
Methods and Results: In this study of 30 sacra in adults (15 males & 15 females), the first sacral pedicle morphometry with parameters like H distance, W distance, XP distance, T angle and AM angle were measured using vernier caliper & goniometer. The total H distance, W distance, XP distance, T angle and AM angle were 20.85 ± 2.46 mm, 21.76 ± 2.50 mm,46.21 ± 3.68mm, 43.17 ± 2.74° and 34.07 ± 2.15° respectively on the right side. The total H distance, W distance, XP distance, T angle and AM angle were 21.33 ± 2.73 mm, 21.69 ± 2.61 mm,45.89 ± 3.58 mm, 43.30 ± 1.69° and 34.17 ± 1.95° respectively on the left side. The results were documented in males and females along with their right and left sides respectively.
Conclusion: To update knowledge of human sacrum which proves mandatory for the Forensic, Radiology, orthopaedic fields and to help as a marker for interventions like posterior transpedicular screw fixation, pediculocorporeal screw placement for the treatment of unstable lumbosacral spine caused due to trauma, degenerative changes, malignancies and congenital anomalies, the study has been carried out.

Keywords: anthropological, transpedicular, lumbosacral, first sacral pedicle

How to cite : Murugesan N D, Dharmalingam M, First Sacral Pedicle – A Morphometric Analysis. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2016;3(1):30-33

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)