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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


The Anatomical Study of Superior and Middle Turbinates from Endoscopic Perspective


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Author Details : Gayatri Girish Muthiyan, Shanta Sunil Hattangdi, Payal Arvind Kasant

Volume : 3, Issue : 2, Year : 2016

Article Page : 195-199


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Abstract

Introduction: Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS) is a well-established tool for examining the nasal cavity and in observing the anatomic details. It is also helps in providing the local and medical therapy of infectious diseases of the paranasal sinuses. However, it requires considerable experience and expertise as many normal variations in the middle meatal anatomy have been reported.
Aim: To study the relation between the middle and superior turbinates from the point of view of an endoscopist.
Method: The distances and angles between the limen nasi and the anterior attachments of the middle turbinate and superior turbinate were studied in 100 hemisected adult Indian cadaveric heads.
Results: The mean angles between the limen nasi and the anterior attachments of the middle turbinate and superior turbinate respectively are a1 is 65.41° and a2 is 42.48°. The mean distance between the lowermost portion of limen nasi and the anterior attachment of middle turbinate and of superior turbinate are d1 is 34.79 + 3.27 mm and d2 is 45.47 + 4.42 mm.

Key words: 
Endoscopic, Anatomy, Middle, Superior, Turbinate

How to cite : Muthiyan G G, Hattangdi S S, Kasant P A, The Anatomical Study of Superior and Middle Turbinates from Endoscopic Perspective. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2016;3(2):195-199

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)