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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Effect of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on neonatal anthropometry, a hospital based, cross sectional, multicentric study


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Author Details : K Ephraim Vikram Rao, Shiny Vinila B H., Sridevi N S.

Volume : 4, Issue : 1, Year : 2017

Article Page : 92-96


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Abstract

Background: Anthropometric study of the new-born can yield valuable information regarding intrauterine growth and nutritional status of the new-born. The present study aims at identifying the effect of maternal Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on neonatal anthropometry.
Materials and Methods: It was a hospital based cross sectional multicentric study. A total 100 of HIV positive pregnant women and their neonates were included in the study. The anthropometric parameters taken into consideration in the present study were new-born/neonatal weight and length. The materials used for the study were new-born/infant weighing machine, infantometer and non-stretchable measuring tape.
Results: The mean birth weight was 2.62 ± 0.45kg, 24 (24%) of neonates weighed less than 2.5 kg and 52(52%) neonates showed stunting, 58(58%) neonates showed wasting with weight for length. Mean weight for length, BMI and PI were 2.62 ± 0.46 kg, 48.22 ± 2.13cm, 11.58 ± 1.63 and 2.31±0.28 respectively.
Conclusion: Significant correlation was observed between the maternal HIV infection and malnourishment in the neonates as the weight, weight for length and BMI were affected. But the length of neonates was not affected. Neonates of the HIV infected mother can be considered under high risk group.

Keywords:
Low Birth Weight, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Neonates, Anthropometry, Body Mass Index, Ponderal Index

How to cite : Rao K E V, Shiny Vinila B H., Sridevi N S., Effect of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on neonatal anthropometry, a hospital based, cross sectional, multicentric study. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2017;4(1):92-96

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)