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CODEN : IJCAGX

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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


A cadaveric study of Gastrocnemius muscle from point of view of entrapment syndromes


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Author Details : Shinde Amol Ashok, Dinesh K. Patel, Varshaly K. Bharambe

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2017

Article Page : 407-411


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Abstract

Introduction: Gastrocnemius has a medial and lateral belly. It joins with soleus to get inserted as the Achilles tendon. Accessory heads of gastrocnemius can give rise to popliteal artery entrapment syndromes.
Materials and Method: 60 formalin embalmed lower limbs mere meticulously dissected to see for any variation in number of heads and nerve supply of Gastrocnemius.
Observations: 15% limbs showed accessory heads of gastrocnemius. 8.34% showed 4 heads and 6.66% showed 3 heads. Length of Achilles tendon in limbs with variation ranged from 6.1 cm to 12.8 cm.
Conclusion: Knowledge of accessory heads of gastrocnemius will help the radiologist during imaging studies in cases of polpliteal entrapment syndromes and neurovascular compression.

Keywords:
Gastrocnemius tertius, Accessory head of gastrocnemius, Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, Calf injury, Additional heads of gastrocnemius

How to cite : Ashok S A, Patel D K, Bharambe V K, A cadaveric study of Gastrocnemius muscle from point of view of entrapment syndromes. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2017;4(4):407-411

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)