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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

A cadaveric study of Gastrocnemius muscle from point of view of entrapment syndromes

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Author Details : Shinde Amol Ashok, Dinesh K. Patel, Varshaly K. Bharambe

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2017

Article Page : 407-411

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Introduction: Gastrocnemius has a medial and lateral belly. It joins with soleus to get inserted as the Achilles tendon. Accessory heads of gastrocnemius can give rise to popliteal artery entrapment syndromes.
Materials and Method: 60 formalin embalmed lower limbs mere meticulously dissected to see for any variation in number of heads and nerve supply of Gastrocnemius.
Observations: 15% limbs showed accessory heads of gastrocnemius. 8.34% showed 4 heads and 6.66% showed 3 heads. Length of Achilles tendon in limbs with variation ranged from 6.1 cm to 12.8 cm.
Conclusion: Knowledge of accessory heads of gastrocnemius will help the radiologist during imaging studies in cases of polpliteal entrapment syndromes and neurovascular compression.

Gastrocnemius tertius, Accessory head of gastrocnemius, Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, Calf injury, Additional heads of gastrocnemius

How to cite : Ashok S A, Patel D K, Bharambe V K, A cadaveric study of Gastrocnemius muscle from point of view of entrapment syndromes. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2017;4(4):407-411

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (