COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 541

Article download: 281

Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Morphological and morphometric study of insular cortex in human cadaveric brains

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : Jaya Kadam, Vandana Sharma, Sonia Baweja, Deepak Sharma

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 180-185

Suggest article by email


Introduction and Aim: The insular cortex is hidden 5th lobe of brain with variable gross anatomical patterns. Insula is situated in operculoinsular compartment of sylvian cistern.
Materials and Methods: 58 human formalin fixed cerebral hemispheres were studied for the gyri and sulci variations of insular cortex and their lengths were recorded using digital vernier caliper. This study was done in department of Anatomy, Gandhi medical college Bhopal.
Result: The morphological normal and variable pattern, discontinuous sulci and joined gyri were observed. Out of the (85/406) 21% variable pattern we observed (44/406) 10.3% Bifid, (31/406) 7.63%, Hypoplastic Gyri and (10/406) 2.46%Trifid. The Bifid pattern was most commonly seen in Anterior Short Gyrus18 /44 (41%). The Hypoplastic pattern was most commonly seen in Middle Short Gyri 18/31 (58%). There was presence of Transverse Gyri in 13/58 (22.41%) and Accessory gyri in 39/58 (65.51%) cerebral hemispheres. Transverse gyrus & Accessory gyrus both were absent in 19/58 (32.76%) cerebral hemispheres in insular cortex. Total number of gyri in every insula and Mean lengths of gyri were Anterior short=24.54mm, Middle short=25.04, Posterior short=34.08mm, Anterior long=36.87mm, Posterior long=37.1mm measured. The Mean lengths of all insular sulci were Central Insular=35.3mm, Superior Periinsular=52.48mm, Anterior Periinsular=24.5mm, Inferior Periinsular=26.4mm, Posterior Periinsular=12.81mm measured.
Conclusion: Variation in morphological pattern of gyri are Bifid, Trifid and Hypoplastic. The Transverse and Accessory gyri were present in anterior lobule, but not observed in each insula. There was variation in number of gyri because of presence of transverse and accessory gyrus. Total number of gyri are more in anterior lobule so it is larger than Posterior lobule. The gyri of anterior lobule are shorter than gyri of Posterior lobule. Such morphological features and variations are important for surgeries.

 Keywords: Morphology, Morphometric, Insular cortex gyri and sulci.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-2126.2018.0042

How to cite : Kadam J, Sharma V, Baweja S, Sharma D, Morphological and morphometric study of insular cortex in human cadaveric brains. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2018;5(2):180-185

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (