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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Study of anaemia amongst OPD patients visiting a private medical college in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh


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Author Details : Smriti Rastogi, Shah Mohd. Abbas Waseem*, Rubeena Bano

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2018

Article Page : 546-552


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Abstract

Introduction: Anaemia is multi factorial with widespread negative consequences on health. It is more common in developing countries. It has a negative influence on the social and economic development of country.
Materials and Methods: This study included 211 anaemic and 174 non anaemic subjects. Age, gender, socio economic status, dietary habits and education was enquired about and haematological parameters were analysed. Data was analysed using appropriate tests.
Results: 54.8% patients attending OPD’s were found to be anaemic. It was higher in females (65%) than males (41.2%). As per WHO classification mild, moderate and severe anaemia was present in 54.98%, 37.91% and 7.11% subjects respectively. 63.99% anaemic subjects belonged to upper to middle class and 36.01% belonged to lower middle and lower class. Anaemia was higher in subjects belonging to middle to lower classes and those belonging to low education class like high school to illiterate class. Not much difference was found on the basis of dietary preferences. However the percentage of anaemic subjects with mixed dietary habits was slightly higher.
Conclusion: On the basis of study it may be concluded that amongst OPD patient’s gender, socioeconomic status and education play role directly or indirectly in anaemia.

Keywords: Anaemia, Socio economic, Education, Diet, Gender, OPD’s.

Doi : 10.18231/2394-2126.2018.0124

How to cite : Rastogi S, Waseem S M A, Bano R, Study of anaemia amongst OPD patients visiting a private medical college in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2018;5(4):546-552

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)