Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Study of anaemia amongst OPD patients visiting a private medical college in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

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Author Details: Smriti Rastogi,Shah Mohd. Abbas Waseem*,Rubeena Bano

Volume : 5

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 546

Article End Page : 552


Introduction: Anaemia is multi factorial with widespread negative consequences on health. It is more common in developing countries. It has a negative influence on the social and economic development of country.
Materials and Methods: This study included 211 anaemic and 174 non anaemic subjects. Age, gender, socio economic status, dietary habits and education was enquired about and haematological parameters were analysed. Data was analysed using appropriate tests.
Results: 54.8% patients attending OPD’s were found to be anaemic. It was higher in females (65%) than males (41.2%). As per WHO classification mild, moderate and severe anaemia was present in 54.98%, 37.91% and 7.11% subjects respectively. 63.99% anaemic subjects belonged to upper to middle class and 36.01% belonged to lower middle and lower class. Anaemia was higher in subjects belonging to middle to lower classes and those belonging to low education class like high school to illiterate class. Not much difference was found on the basis of dietary preferences. However the percentage of anaemic subjects with mixed dietary habits was slightly higher.
Conclusion: On the basis of study it may be concluded that amongst OPD patient’s gender, socioeconomic status and education play role directly or indirectly in anaemia.

Keywords: Anaemia, Socio economic, Education, Diet, Gender, OPD’s.

Doi No:-10.18231/2394-2126.2018.0124