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International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research

Evaluation of serum electrolytes and their relation to glycemic status in patients with T2DM

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Research Article

Author Details : Reeta Rajagambeeram*, Ishita Malik, Mohanavalli Vijayan, Niranjan Gopal, Pajanivel Ranganadin

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 130-133

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Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that requires long-term medication to limit the
development of its ruinous complications. The complications of diabetes are metabolic imbalance, blood
vessel degeneration; effect on electrolyte concentration can offset the proportion of electrolytes. Since
there is a direct association of serum electrolytes with diabetes mellitus (DM), the study was planned to
investigate the electrolytes disturbance and their association with glycemic status in T2DM patients.
Materials and Methods: This was cross-sectional hospital-based study; 60 participants who were
diagnosed to have T2DM between the age group 30 to 60 years were recruited. Fasting glucose, glycated
hemoglobin and serum electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium were estimated.
Results: Descriptive statistics was expressed as mean & SD. Pearson’s correlation analysis was performed
to find the association and degree of relationship between serum electrolytes and glycemic status in T2DM.
All the biochemical parameters were altered in T2DM patients. There was no significant association
between FBS, HbA1c and serum electrolytes.
Conclusion: The present study showed an alteration in electrolytes status, but there was no
statistically significant association between fasting blood glucose, glycemic control and serum electrolytes
consideration of the multifactorial origin of electrolyte imbalance, a cause-specific treatment is required to
avoid any risk.

Keywords: Serum electrolytes, Glycemic status, T2DM.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijcbr.2020.026

How to cite : Rajagambeeram R, Malik I , Vijayan M, Gopal N, Ranganadin P, Evaluation of serum electrolytes and their relation to glycemic status in patients with T2DM. Int J Clin Biochem Res 2020;7(1):130-133

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Int J Clin Biochem Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (