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Volume: 5 , Issue: 2

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IP Indian Journal of Conservative and Endodontics


Prevalence and genetic correlation evaluation of dental fluorosis in rural population of Nagpur, India


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Research Article

Author Details : Chetana S.Makade*, Pratima Shenoi, Mohit Gunwal, Rajesh Kubde, Varsha Uttarwar

Volume : 5, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 1-3


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Abstract

Dental fluorosis (DF) is a tooth malformation related to ingestion of high amount of fluoride (F) during tooth development. According to various surveys (1994 , 2000 & 2002), it is clearly established that DF has increased incidences rates in the areas with fluoridated water ranging from 7.7%  upto 80.9% and only 2.9% to 42% in areas without fluoridated water. It was being observed that 10-20% of the rural population reported to department with dental fluorosis belonged to non-fluoridated areas. Several studies suggested that there was a weak corelationship between drinking water & DF severity.
Aim: The present study was undertaken to investigate prevalence of dental fluorosis and hereditary patterns of dental fluorosis in identified individuals among rural population in vicinity of Nagpur district. 
Materials and Methods: A case control study was conducted at six rural places around Nagpur. The fluoride content was estimated from sample of drinking water from well and tap.384 individuals were selected using systematic random sampling method. A detailed case history was taken followed by reporting of DMFT and DMFS indices. The collected data was analyzed statistically using students’t test.
Results: All the water samples tested reported F concentration varying with 0.267 to 1.081mg/ml. Prevalence of DF for individuals consuming well water(62.1%) was found to be significantly higher(p<0>
Conclusion: There was no correlation with DF and F concentration in drinking water, however its strong correlation exists with genetic component.

Keywords: Dental fluorosis (DF)

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijce.2020.001

How to cite : S.makade C , Shenoi P , Gunwal M , Kubde R , Uttarwar V , Prevalence and genetic correlation evaluation of dental fluorosis in rural population of Nagpur, India. IP Indian J Conserv Endod 2020;5(1):1-3

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Conserv Endod. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)