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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


Pattern of fixed drug eruptions in a tertiary care teaching hospital Hi-tech medical college, Bhubaneswar, Odisha


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Author Details : Binayak Chandra Dwari, Debjit Kar, Minati Mishra, P.K. Satpathy, Nalinikanta Tripathy

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 142-145


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Abstract

Fixed drug eruption (FDE) is one of the common types of cutaneous adverse drug reaction. This study was conducted to study the common types of drugs causing FDE and to find the management pattern of FDE in a tertiary care teaching hospital. In this study we found that orindazole (24%) and co-trimoxazole (20%) had higher incidence of FDE. Sixty eight percent of patients developed post inflammatory pigmentation. The most common clinical presentations was black patch in 44%, followed by bulla with erythematous patch in 20% of pigmented patches. Topical steroids, antihistaminic and oral corticosteroids were the common drugs used in the management of fixed drugs eruptions. The most common affected site was lip in 33.3% followed by trunk in 21%. The most common age group was 11-20 year followed by 21-30 year, fifty-one cases were seen in male.

Keywords: Fixed drug eruption, Cutaneous Adverse drug reaction, Pigmentation.

Doi : 10.18231/2581-4729.2018.0032

How to cite : Dwari B C, Kar D, Mishra M, Satpathy P, Tripathy N, Pattern of fixed drug eruptions in a tertiary care teaching hospital Hi-tech medical college, Bhubaneswar, Odisha. IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol 2018;4(2):142-145

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Indian J Clin Exp Dermatol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)