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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Prevalence of primary open angle and primary angle closure glaucoma in patients with their outcome after medical and surgical treatment at department of ophthalmology of MB hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan


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Research Article

Author Details : Vijay Gupta, Mamta Meena*, Sameer Jagswal

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 512-516


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Abstract

Introduction: This study is conducted to evaluate the prevalence and progress after medical and surgical
treatment of primary open angle and angle closure glaucoma patients.
Materials and Methods: A study conducted at Ophthalmology department of RNT medical college and
MB Hospital, Udaipur during the period of 1 year and it included a total of 60 patients of glaucoma.
Inclusion criteria: patients above 40 years fulfilling ISGEO criteria of Glaucoma diagnosis. Exclusion
criteria: Patients below 40 years and patients having congenital or secondary glaucoma.
Results: The prevalence of primary open angle and angle closure glaucoma was 1.37% and 0.42%
with overall prevalence of glaucoma in our study was 1.78%. In primary angle closure 18 eyes were
given surgical and no medical treatment. In primary open angle glaucoma 14.28% patients were on
monodrug therapy, 19.04% were on double drug therapy, 47.62% were on triple drug therapy, 19.04%
were on quadruple drug therapy. In primary angle closure glaucoma 27.77% patients had undergone
Iridotomy, 27.77% had Trabeculectomy, 22.24% had prophylactic Iridotomy, 11.11% had Cataract surgery
and 11.11% had trabeculectomy with cataract surgery.
Conclusion: It is concluded that primary open angle glaucoma is more prevalent then angle closure
glaucoma. Surgical treatment is preferred for Primary angle closure glaucoma and no patients having
primary open angle glaucoma were undergone surgery.

Keywords: Primary angle closure glaucoma, Primary open angle glaucoma, Intraocular pressure.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2019.120

How to cite : Gupta V, Meena M , Jagswal S, Prevalence of primary open angle and primary angle closure glaucoma in patients with their outcome after medical and surgical treatment at department of ophthalmology of MB hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019;5(4):512-516

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)