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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Association of risk factors with the severity of primary open angle glaucoma


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Research Article

Author Details : Sumita Karandikar, Archana Tadwalkar*, Pooja Mehta, Sandeep Arora

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 22-28


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Abstract

Aim: To study the associations of risk factors with the severity of primary open angle glaucoma.
Materials and Methods: A total of 98 patients were enrolled in the study as per the inclusion criteria. A
complete ophthalmologic examination including a medical history review, best-corrected visual acuity, slit
lamp examination and visual field assessment with Carl Zeiss Perimeter was done.
Results: 98 patients were studied. The mean age of the patients was 60 10.3 years. There were 49%
males and 51% females. Out of the participants, 22% had mild glaucoma, 37% had moderate glaucoma
and 41% had severe glaucoma. Age was associated with 56% increase in likelihood of severe glaucoma per
decade compared to mild disease. Myopia was seen in 60% of patients from the severe glaucoma group.
Hypertension was seen in 49% of the participants. Diabetes was seen in 27%. Family history of 7% was
noted. Hypothyroid was seen in 6% of the patients.
Conclusion: In out study, we found that advancing age; myopia; hypertension and hypothyroid had a
correlation with POAG. However, the association of diabetes with POAG did not have a reliable conclusion.

Keywords: Primary open angle glaucoma.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.007

How to cite : Karandikar S, Tadwalkar A, Mehta P, Arora S, Association of risk factors with the severity of primary open angle glaucoma. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(1):22-28

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)