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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Demography, clinical profile and compliance of patients of vernal keratoconjunctivitis in a tertiary eye care centre in Southern Karnataka


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Research Article

Author Details : Srinivas Siddegowda, Pradeep Addagadde Venkataramana*, Shruthi Amalagondhi Manjunath

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 69-73


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Abstract

Objective: To describe demographic and clinical profile of patients with vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC)
and to assess the compliance of treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis over a period of 1 year from May
2017 to April 2018.
Results: Among 100 patients, VKC was more common among male (67.00%) than female (33.00%)
patients with maximum cases seen between 6-10 years of age. Majority of cases reported in summer
in the month of March to May (Total: 49.00%). Mixed form was commonest among all 66(66.00%)
cases followed by limbal 18(18.00%) and palpebral form 16 (16.00%). Commonest symptom was redness
(100%) followed by itching (98%) cases. Palpebral papillae were commonest sign. Mild grade of VKC is
commonest. Family history of allergy was noted in 7% of cases.
Conclusion: VKC is a bilateral recurrent disorder affects most commonly young males between ages of
6 to 10 years in which both IgE and cell mediated immunity play important roles. Association of family
history of allergic disorders was less.VKC is more common in rural area.VKC is one of the leading causes
of outpatient ophthalmic morbidity.VKC patients presents usually in a stage of mild to moderate grade. For
persistent severe disease needs frequent follow-up.

Keywords: Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis, Childhood allergic eye disease, Compliance, Southern Karnataka.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.016

How to cite : Siddegowda S, Venkataramana P A, Manjunath S A, Demography, clinical profile and compliance of patients of vernal keratoconjunctivitis in a tertiary eye care centre in Southern Karnataka. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(1):69-73

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)