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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Relationship of diabetic retinopathy and systemic complications of diabetes


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Research Article

Author Details : Vishnu Priya N, Ramya Deepthi P, Kumar Amruth C*, P Sowmya

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 94-98


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Abstract

Aim: To study the relationship of diabetic retinopathy with systemic complications of diabetes.
Materials and Methods: Study was conducted on 310 diabetic patients attending to Narayana medical
college ophthalmology opd in Nellore between August 2017and June 2018. Patients are categorized into
five groups based on the duration and severity of DR into No DR, Mild NPDR, ModerateNPDR, Severe
NPDR, PDR according to the ETDRS classification. All the above patients evaluated clinically, and
required investigations were done for the presence of systemic complications like nephropathy, neuropathy,
cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and diabetic foot. The relation between the duration of diabetes mellitus
and stage of diabetic retinopathy and also with systemic complications assessed.
Results: A total of 310 diabetic patients with a mean age of 56.5 + 11.8 years and males 211(31.7%) and
females99(31.7%). Prevalence of Diabetic retinopathy was 108(34.8%) of which mild NPDR44(41.9%),
moderate NPDR35(34.5%), severe NPDR 19(18.3%)and PDR10(11.4%). A significant association
(P<0> retinopathy. The overall prevalence of nephropathy, neuropathy, diabetic foot, CVS, CAD was 52.6%and
they were significantly (p<0> DR (43.5%) and complications increased with severity of retinopathy.

Keywords: Diabetesmilletus, Diabetic foot, Neuropathy, Nephropathy, Retinopathy.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.021

How to cite : Vishnu Priya N, Ramya Deepthi P, Kumar Amruth C, Sowmya P, Relationship of diabetic retinopathy and systemic complications of diabetes. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(1):94-98

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)