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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


The clinical profile and aetiological pattern of anterior uveitis- A hospital based study


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Research Article

Author Details : Nithisha Tegginamatha, Prathibha Shanthaveerappa*, Remya Parappallil

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 99-102


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Abstract

Introduction: Uveitis is a group of complex inflammatory disorder of the uveal tract with diverse aetiology.
The most common formis anterioruveitis affecting the iris and pars plicata of the ciliary body which can
lead to severe vision threatening complications if not treated appropriately.
Objectives: 1. To study the incidence, modes of presentation and etiological patternof anterior uveitis. 2.
To evaluate the treatment, its outcome and the complications that could occur over the study period.
Materials and Methods: A prospective cross sectional clinical study was conducted in the department of
ophthalmology in 30 patients who were clinically diagnosed with anterior uveitis over a period of one year.
All the patients underwent adetailed ophthalmic evaluation and relevant laboratory investigations. They
were givenappropriate treatment according to the cause and the clinical clues and were also followed up
for anycomplication during the study period.
Results: Anterior uveitis occurred most commonly in the 41 to 50 years age group. Majority of the
cases had nongranulomatous inflammation (86%) but aetiology remained unknown in 30% of the cases.
Herpetic infection (16%) was the commonest cause followed by phacolyticuveitis and tuberculosis. Most
cases responded favourably to medical management.
Conclusion: A balanced view of the disease needs to be taken while investigating and treating anterior
uveitis. A thorough history and physical examination is required in each case to facilitate a final diagnosis.
A timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment however can improve visual outcome.

Keywords: Anterior uveitis, Behcets disease, Granulomatous, Tuberculosis.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.022

How to cite : Tegginamatha N, Shanthaveerappa P, Parappallil R, The clinical profile and aetiological pattern of anterior uveitis- A hospital based study. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(1):99-102

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)