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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Clinical profile of retinal vasculitis in a tertiary eye care Centre in South Kerala


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Research Article

Author Details : Lekshmi Sree O C*, Biju John C

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 133-137


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Abstract

Objectives: Objective is to study the clinical profile of retinal vasculitis in a tertiary eye care Centre in
South Kerala.
Materials and Methods: All consecutive patients diagnosed with retinal vasculitis in a tertiary eye care
Centre over a period of one year were evaluated for ocular and systemic risk factors for developing the
disease. Patients more than 10 years of age were included in the study. Patients with diabetic and
hypertensive retinopathy were excluded from the study. Data was collected using a pretested proforma.
Demographic variables, risk factors, symptoms, clinical signs and visual acuity at presentation were
studied. Examination tools used were Log MAR chart, slit lamp, direct & indirect ophthalmoscope.
Results: 38 eyes of 28 patients were included in the study. Defective vision and floaters were the
main symptoms whereas vitritis and vascular sheathing were the most common signs. Secondary retinal
vasculitis (82.2%) was more common than primary retinal vasculitis (17.8%). Also infectious etiology
was commoner than autoimmune diseases. Unilateral disease was common in secondary retinal vasculitis.
Toxoplasma gondii was the most common agent associated with secondary retinal vasculitis in our hospital.

Keywords: Frosted branch angiitis, Investigations, Occlusive vasculitis, Retinal vasculitis, Toxoplasma.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.029

How to cite : Lekshmi Sree O C, Biju John C, Clinical profile of retinal vasculitis in a tertiary eye care Centre in South Kerala. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(1):133-137

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)