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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Analysis of conjunctival flora in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern


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Research Article

Author Details : Saurabh Ashtamkar, Rupali Maheshgauri, Bansari Vadodaria*, Divya Motwani, Aakriti Sharma

Volume : 6, Issue : 1, Year : 2020

Article Page : 138-144


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Abstract

Aim: To compare the conjunctival flora of diabetic individuals and non-diabetic individuals and assess
their antibiotic sensitivity pattern.
Materials and Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out from
September 2016 to August 2018 with 92 patients of age group from 40-70 years, to assess the conjunctival
flora and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals without any pre-existing
ocular diseases and adnexal disease.
Result: The rate of positive culture in Group A (Diabetics) was significantly higher as compared to Group
B (Non-Diabetics) (21.7% vs. 4.3% respectively) (p<0> higher incidence of the bacteria, Staphylococcus epidermidis in Group A (Diabetics) as compared to
Group B (Non-Diabetics) (p<0> A (Diabetics) showed the following observations - in Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphlococcusaureus
maximum sensitivity was seen with Gentamicin.
Conclusion: A higher positive culture rate was seen in diabetic individuals as compared to non-diabetic
individuals. It was then concluded that, as gentamicin shows maximum sensitivity to gram-posit ive and
gram-negative organisms, Gentamicin is the drug of choice which takes cares of gram positive as well as
gram negative bacteria and can be considered as routine pre-operative topical medication.
Pre-operative cataract work up.

Keywords: Conjunctival commensals, Culture sensitivity, Glycosylated haemoglobin, Pre-operative cataract work up.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.030

How to cite : Ashtamkar S, Maheshgauri R, Vadodaria B, Motwani D, Sharma A, Analysis of conjunctival flora in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(1):138-144

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)