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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Prevalence of dry eyes in patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus


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Research Article

Author Details : Manvi Aggarwal, Rakesh Goud*, O K Radhakrishnan, Priyanka Mantri, Arpit Shah

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 286-290


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Abstract

Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of dry eyes in patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus and to compare
various tests of dry eye.
Materials and Methods: An analytical cross sectional study was conducted on 150 patients diagnosed
with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dry eyes symptoms were assessed using Ocular surface disease index (OSDI)
questionnaire and graded according to severity. The diagnosis was confirmed by positive Ocular surface
staining pattern with fluorescein, Tear film breakup time test (TBUT) or Schirmers test. Severity of dry
eyes was determined and prevalence calculated.
Results: The prevalence rate of dry eye disease among diabetics was calculated as 36% on the basis of
Ocular surface disease index. Mild, moderate and severe dry eyes were present in 16%, 16% and 4%
patients respectively. TBUT showed very good agreement with highest diagnostic accuracy. Schirmers test
and Fluorescein test had good and moderate agreement respectively.
Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus associated dry eye disease (DMDES) is the most frequent diabetic
complication in clinical practice. Clinical trials are warranted to confirm the effects of the currently applied
drugs in diabetes-associated DES for a better outcome in such patients. Our study can act as a stepping
stone for larger multi-centric studies to gain more information about this largely unrecognized problem of
diabetes associated dry eye disease.

Keywords: Ary eye, Diabetes, Fluorescein, OSDI, Schirmers test, TBUT, Tear film.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.062

How to cite : Aggarwal M , Goud R , Radhakrishnan O K, Mantri P , Shah A , Prevalence of dry eyes in patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(2):286-290

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)