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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Assessing the effect of anti-glaucoma drug on corneal morphology and tear film function


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Research Article

Author Details : Veshal Madan*, Shubhangi Katare, Neeta Mishra

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 291-294


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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the effect of anti-glaucoma drug on corneal morphology and tear film function.
Materials and Methods: This is a prospective comparative study between two groups. 50 eyes of 25
patients using one or more topical anti glaucoma drugs for at least 6 months or more and Group 2- 50 eyes
of 25 normal subjects as controls who were not having any ocular problems. Both groups were similar
regarding age and gender characteristics. Demographic information were obtained from patient’s medical
records. Comprehensive ocular examination like Intraocular pressure (IOP), Tear breakup time (TBUT),
Schirmer’s II test (with anaesthesia), Central corneal thickness (CCT), Endothelial cell count (specular
microscopy), Corneal staining were done for both the groups.
Results: All 50 patients (100eyes) included in the study and completed all the tests parameter involved
in the study. Mann-Whitney U value for IOP is (p=o.oo1), CCT is (p=0.002), Endothelial cell count is
(p=0.001), Schirmer’s II is(p=0.001) and TBUT is (p=0.001), respectively and all this were statistically
significant. For corneal staining Fisher’s Exact Test value is 19.874 (p=0.001) is statistically significant.
For CCT compared with the different diagnosis the Chi-Square value is 36.915 (p=0.001) is statistically
significant. For Endothelial cell count compared with the different diagnosis the Chi-Square value is 11.876
(p=0.003) is statistically significant. CCT and Endothelial cell count was more in Ocular hypertension as
compared to the other diagnosis.
Conclusion: Patients using anti-glaucoma drugs showed 64% mild to moderate and 20% severe dryness
in the eyes. CCT and Endothelial cell count was more in Ocular hypertension as compared to the other
diagnosis. Increased CCT may give an artificially high IOP and must be considered when developing a
treatment approach for patients with ocular hypertension. Therefore, necessary to have complete evaluation
of tear film and cornea while using the anti-glaucoma medication from long time. So that we can prescribe
lubricating drops with the anti-glaucoma drugs.

Keywords: Anti glaucoma drugs, Corneal morphology, Tear film.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2020.063

How to cite : Madan V , Katare S, Mishra N , Assessing the effect of anti-glaucoma drug on corneal morphology and tear film function. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020;6(2):291-294

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)