COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804


Print ISSN:-2395-1443

Online ISSN:-2395-1451

CODEN : IJCEKF

Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 6 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 752

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 171

Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Prevalence of the dry eyes in the routine Outpatient department of Ophthalmology in a tertiary care centre


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Manmohan Bhanot, Rajan Bhatia

Volume : 3, Issue : 3, Year : 2017

Article Page : 384-386


Suggest article by email


Abstract

Introduction: Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of tears and ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbances and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface.
Typical symptoms of dry eye syndrome are dryness, burning and a sandy-gritty eye irritation that gets worse as the day goes on.
Symptom assessment is a key component of dry eye diagnosis - to the extent that many believe dry eye syndrome to be a symptom-based disease.
Materials and Method: This study was carried out at ophthalmology Outpatient department of Sri Guru Ramdass Institute of Medical Sciences Amritsar. All the patients visiting for any ocular disease were screened for the presence of the dry eye over the period of 6 months i.e. June –Nov 2016. The patients were examined by Tear Film Breakup time and Schrimer’s test.
The patients found positive were then asked to answer a pre-validated questionnaire.
Results: Intially, out of total 12144 patients 4572 patients presented with symptoms of dry eye. After screening with Tear film breakup time (TBUT) and schirmer’s test, 2418 patients (19.91%) were diagnosed to be having actually dry eyes. Prevalence was found to be 12.55%in males and 7.41%in females.
The association of various dry eye signs with smoking, anti arthritis treatment and antipsychotic drugs were found. Total 43.05% of the patients were involved in outdoor work. 19.72% were actively computer users, only 3.97% were using with screen while15.75% were using computer without screen.
Conclusion: In our study due to more number of working women has highly influenced the result. The incidence of dry eye found highly variable depending upon the geography, living style as well as with the work profile of the patient complaining of dry eyes.

Keywords:
Dry eye, Tear film breakup time, Schirmer’s test

How to cite : Bhanot M, Bhatia R, Prevalence of the dry eyes in the routine Outpatient department of Ophthalmology in a tertiary care centre. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017;3(3):384-386

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)