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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Epidemiological study of ocular trauma in SNMC and HSK hospital Bagalkot


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Author Details : Arathi Choudhary, Monalisha Pattnaik

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 236-240


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Abstract

Aim: To study the epidemiology of ocular trauma in a medical college hospital in North Karnataka region.
Materials and Methods: Demographic data, detail history and ocular examination were done for all the patients who presented to our hospital between the periods of August 2016 to April 2017 with any ocular trauma. Data were collected and analyzed using Open- Epi software.
Result: 104 patients presented to our hospital during the time period of 9months.The mean age of trauma was 32.78 with SD 16.97. Male ( 65.38%) were more affected than female(34.61%).57.69% were from rural and 42.3% were from urban. Ocular trauma mostly occurs between 30-50 years (41.3%). Home, road and field were the most common location of ocular injury. Foreign body, stick and lime were the most common offending agent. The association between age of ocular trauma and location of injury and occupation was clinically significant with p value 0.05 and 0.041 respectively. The association between gender and location of injury was clinically significant with p value 0.0013 but occupation and gender of ocular trauma was clinically not significant with p value 0.08.
Conclusion: Considering the prevalence, middle aged men are more vulnerable to ocular trauma mostly while working at field or driving. Prognosis might be challenging. Appropriate education for eye protection and use of safety measures, would help in reducing ocular morbidity. Educating for timely treatment and intervention after injury is helpful for saving vision.

Keyword: Epidemiology, Ocular trauma, Rural.

Doi : 10.18231/2395-1451.2018.0052

How to cite : Choudhary A, Pattnaik M, Epidemiological study of ocular trauma in SNMC and HSK hospital Bagalkot. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018;4(2):236-240

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)