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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Refraction-seeking behaviour among young people presenting to a medical college hospital of Bihar


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Author Details : Prateek Nishant, Sony Sinha, Ranjeet Kumar Sinha

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2018

Article Page : 254-257


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Abstract

With an objective to enquire about availability of primary or secondary level facilities for refraction and explore reasons for approaching a tertiary OPD despite awareness of the same, a prospective study was conducted over a two month period in the ophthalmology OPD of a medical college of Bihar among patients aged 10-24 years from Patna district diagnosed with refractive errors, using a predesigned interview schedule and subsequent statistical analysis. Of 1075 subjects, about 61% of rural young people recalled that refraction facilities (of primary or secondary level) were available in the vicinity of their residence (about 18% denied availability, and 21% were unaware) while all 961 urban young people were aware of the same. The prime reason for visit among urban patients was the need for certification from a government institution for admission to an educational institution or job. Hence, there is need to establish new and advertise existing vision centres, conduct community screening, establish government-subsidized optician services network, inculcate importance of counselling patients among all eye care professionals, define the role of a tertiary care institution in the minds of the public and support the tertiary hospital by a high-volume primary eye care facility in the neighbourhood.

Keywords: Residence, Refractive errors, Refraction facilities, Screening, Tertiary OPD, Vision centres.

Doi : 10.18231/2395-1451.2018.0056

How to cite : Nishant P, Sinha S, Sinha R K, Refraction-seeking behaviour among young people presenting to a medical college hospital of Bihar. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018;4(2):254-257

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)