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Print ISSN:-2395-1443

Online ISSN:-2395-1451

CODEN : IJCEKF

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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


A study of ocular manifestations of diabetes mellitus in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Pondicherry


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Author Details : Nivedha S. Raman, Amod Hansdak*, Elfride Farokh Sanjana

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2018

Article Page : 469-472


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Abstract

Introduction: This study was undertaken to find out the ocular manifestations of diabetes mellitus among diabetics reporting to a tertiary health care facility in Pondicherry.
Materials and Methods: Seventy diabetic patients reporting to Ophthalmology outpatient department were studied during the months of August and September 2017. A predesigned questionnaire was used to interview the diabetics, anterior segment examination was carried out using torchlight and slit lamp, and +90D lens was used for fundus examination. The findings were recorded and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and Epidata respectively.
Result: Most of the study subjects belonged to the age group 41-70 years, literate, employed, and middle income group. Cataract and retinopathy were found to be higher in those with more than 10 years’ duration of diabetes.
Conclusion: Healthcare providers need to focus their efforts on preventive measures to delay the onset of complications of diabetes. The importance of screening for diabetes and diabetic retinopathy and regular follow-up cannot be overemphasized in order to reduce the burden of disease and its devastating consequences.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic retinopathy, Risk factors.

Doi : 10.18231/2395-1451.2018.0105

How to cite : Raman N S, Hansdak A, Sanjana E F, A study of ocular manifestations of diabetes mellitus in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Pondicherry. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018;4(4):469-472

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)