COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804


Print ISSN:-2395-1443

Online ISSN:-2395-1451

CODEN : IJCEKF

Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 6 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 305

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 155

Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


To study the correlation of diabetic retinopathy with glycosylated haemoglobin and body mass index in type II diabetes


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Research Article

Author Details : Munish Dhawan*, S P Singh, Karan Badhan

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2019

Article Page : 222-226


Suggest article by email


Abstract

Introduction: It is well established that chronic hyperglycaemia is one of the main risk factors for DR. There are variable reports with inconsistent findings of HbA1c values with severity of diabetic retinopathy. Overweight and obesity have become a growing public health problem in affluent societies leading to chronic diseases like diabetes. Some studies have demonstrated relationship between obesity or higher BMI and an increased risk of DR.
Aims and Objectives: To study correlation of diabetic retinopathy with glycosylated haemoglobin and body mass index (BMI) in type II diabetics having diabetes for more than 5 years.
Materials and Methods: Type 2 diabetic patients having diabetes for more than 5 years have been included in this study. We have not included patients with type I diabetes, secondary diabetes or patients who have already taken treatment for diabetic retinopathy. Detailed ophthalmic examination including fundus examination was done for all patients and severity of diabetic retinopathy was noted for every patient. HbA1c value and BMI was measured for every patient. Correlation of DR with HbA1c and BMI was analysed.
Results and Conclusion: Severity of diabetic retinopathy increases as the age and duration of diabetes increases. High BMI was risk factor for development of diabetic retinopathy and severity of DR increases as BMI value increases. Higher HbA1c values were associated with increased risk and severity of diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords: Age, Body mass index, Diabetes mellitus, Fasting blood sugar, Glycosylated haemoglobin, Obesity.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijceo.2019.053

How to cite : Dhawan M, Singh S P, Badhan K, To study the correlation of diabetic retinopathy with glycosylated haemoglobin and body mass index in type II diabetes. Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019;5(2):222-226

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Exp Ophthalmol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)