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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Study of determinants of type 2 diabetes related to lifestyle and behavior among urban population of Kalyanpur (Kanpur)


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Author Details : Anju Gahlot, SP Singh, Md Irshad Alam

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 85-89


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Abstract

Background: Lifestyle and behavior component in type 2 diabetes is very important. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder in which prevalence has been increasing steadily all over the world.
Materials and Method: The Study was carried out among the people aged 25 years & above residing in field area of UHTC (Urban health training centre- Kalyanpur) of RMCH & RC, Mandhana, Kanpur. UHTC provides health care to 12 Mohallas of ward No.18 & 42 of urban area of Kalyanpur. Out of which 02 Mohallas namely (Jankipuram, Mirzapurnewbasti) were selected for study by simple random sampling method.
Results: In the present study out of 460 study participants maximum were from upper class i.e. 134 out of which 46(34%) were found diabetics. There were 460 respondents, 255 have sedentary habit out of which 62(24.3%) were diabetic. Individuals are classified as Sedentary, Moderate, Heavyworker on the basis of occupation Among 113 moderate worker 13(9.5%) were diabetic and among 40 heavy worker 4(10%) were diabetic There were 70(19.8%) diabetic among smoker and 9(8.4%) were diabetic among nonsmoker. Out of total 460 respondents 232were alcoholics and 228 non-alcoholic, 60(25.9%) were found diabetic among alcoholic and 19(8.2%) persons were diabetic among non-alcoholic.
Conclusion: In the present study, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activities are found to be significantly associated with diabetes.

Keywords
: Type 2 diabetes, Modified B.G Prasad socio economic scale, Self-management

 

How to cite : Gahlot A, Singh S, Alam M I, Study of determinants of type 2 diabetes related to lifestyle and behavior among urban population of Kalyanpur (Kanpur). Indian J Forensic Community Med 2017;4(2):85-89

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Forensic Community Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)