COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 465

Article download: 128

Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Hypertension among adults in urban slums, a cross-sectional study in rajamahendravaram, Andhra Pradesh, India


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Research Article

Author Details : Lavanya K.M, Renu Sulakhe*, V Nageswara Rao

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2019

Article Page : 75-80


Suggest article by email

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is becoming an increasingly common health problem worldwide. Hypertension is becoming a public health emergency worldwide, especially in developing countries.
Aims and Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension among adults aged 20 years and above in the urban slums of Rajamahendravaram and to determine the risk factors associated with it.
Materials and Methods: Community based Cross-sectional study conducted among adults in urban slums of Rajamahendravaram for six months from July 2018 to December 2018.
Results: The study included 158 (47.9%) Males and 172(52.1%) Females. The prevalence of hypertension is 96(29.09%) with higher prevalence among women 51 (29.65%) than in men 45(28.48%). Hypertension was most commonly seen in the age group of 40 – 49 years (55.17%) with statistically significant association between hypertension and increasing age (p=0.000). Hypertension was common in people of lower middle class (48%, p=0.0005). Also, people who used palm oil (100%, p=0.0000), common salt >1000 g/month (69.23%, p=0.000), Tobacco users (45.07%, p=0.000), diabetics (41%,p=0.000), obese (59.38%, p=0.000) and people with abdominal obesity (37.20%, p=0.001) showed higher prevalence of hypertension.
Conclusions: The observed high prevalence of hypertension in this study and other studies reiterate the importance of hypertension as a public health problem. It’s time to emphasize strict implementation of comprehensive national policy to control hypertension.

Keywords: Cross – sectional study, Hypertension, India, Prevalence, Urban slums.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijfcm.2019.018

How to cite : K.m L, Sulakhe R, Rao V N, Hypertension among adults in urban slums, a cross-sectional study in rajamahendravaram, Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian J Forensic Community Med 2019;6(2):75-80

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Forensic Community Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)