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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


A cross sectional study of hypertension among the elderly residing in urban field practice area of S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot, Karnataka


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Research Article

Author Details : Anamika Patel, Gowri Shankar*

Volume : 6, Issue : 3, Year : 2019

Article Page : 116-120


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Abstract

Introduction: Longevity has increased significantly in the past few decades due to demographic transition in India. So there is likely to be a huge burden of chronic non-communicable diseases in the near future. Hypertension is one of the most important treatable causes of morbidity in the elderly. It accounts for a large proportion of cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. Hence this study was done to know the socio-demographic profile and the prevalence of Hypertension among the elderly more than 60 years of age residing in urban field practice area of S.N. Medical College, Bagalkot.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional community based study was done in urban field practice area of S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot, Karnataka.
 According to a previous study done in Karnataka, the prevalence of hypertension among the elderly was 30.7% and sample size was calculated to 627.
Blood pressure measurement was done using the auscultatory method with a standardized calibrated mercury column sphygmomanometer.Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 20.
Result: Out of 627 elderly studied, males were 48.32% and females were 51.67%. Majority (64.27%) of the elderly were in the age group of 60-69 years followed by 28.36% between 70-79 years and 7.6% more than 80 years and above. Overall prevalence of hypertension among elderly is 51.99%. [Males 48.15% and females 51.84%]. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in hypertensives 17.2% and 66.9% in males and 12.4% and 53.3% in females respectively. Consumption of tobacco and alcohol was found to be more among males who are hypertensives. (p < 0>
Conclusion: There is increased need of outreach services for adequate health care of the elderly in developing countries like India.

Keywords: Hypertension, Elderly, Urban area.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijfcm.2019.027

How to cite : Patel A, Shankar G, A cross sectional study of hypertension among the elderly residing in urban field practice area of S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot, Karnataka. Indian J Forensic Community Med 2019;6(3):116-120

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Forensic Community Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)