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IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences

Spectrum of unnatural deaths: autopsies conducted at A. J. Institute of medical sciences & research centre, Mangalore

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Research Article

Author Details : M Deepak, Bharath Shetty*, Francis N.P. Monteiro, Karen Prajwal Castelino, Arun Pinchu Xavier

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 111-117

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Introduction: The incidence of unnatural deaths is found to be persistently increasing. Pattern of unnatural deaths is a reflection of the prevailing social set up and mental health status of the population.
Aim: This retrospective and prospective study was undertaken to analyze the various aspects related to unnatural deaths autopsied at A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangalore which is tertiary health care teaching hospital catering the healthcare needs of rural population of coastal Karnataka and Northern districts of Kerala.
Materials and Methods: Materials for the present retrospective and prospective study consists of unnatural deaths autopsied at Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangalore, Karnataka, during the period from January 2005 to September 2013. All the relevant data were studied from police inquest reports, postmortem reports, chemical analysis report, histopathology report, hospital record findings, and information obtained from relatives and friends. Due permission was taken from Institutional Ethics Committee of A.J. institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangalore for the conduct of the study.
Results: Among 797 unnatural deaths, 643 were males and 154 were females. Five hundred and fourteen cases of unnatural deaths were in the age group of 20 to 49 years with a peak incidence of 30% in the age group of 20 to 29 years.  Sixty three percent of unnatural deaths were secondary to Road traffic accident followed by those resulted from poisoning (9%).  Males outnumbered females in all types of unnatural deaths except in case of burns. Majority of unnatural deaths were due to accidents (83%) followed by Suicide (12%), homicide (3%) etc.
Twenty percent of suicide victims had underlying Psychiatric illness.  Violence was the preferred means of mechanical injuries (77%) followed by burning (19%) and drowning (1%).  
Conclusion: Males are the predominant victims of unnatural deaths probably due to social interaction and outdoor activities. Younger age group is the common victim of unnatural deaths. The most significant cause of death was trauma in road traffic accidents.  A significant number of deaths resulting from RTAs need proper reforms in terms of traffic regulation.

Keywords: Accidental, Autopsy, Cause of death, Manner of death, Unnatural deaths.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijfmts.2019.025

How to cite : Deepak M, Shetty B, Monteiro F N , Castelino K P, Xavier A P, Spectrum of unnatural deaths: autopsies conducted at A. J. Institute of medical sciences & research centre, Mangalore. IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci 2019;4(4):111-117

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (