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IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences


Profile of deaths due to burn injuries: A retrospective study of eight years in a tertiary care centre in Western Maharashtra


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Author Details : Rashid Nehal Khan, K V Radhakrishna*, Ravi Rautji, Yasho Chaturvedi, Gautam Dhokia

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 137-139


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Abstract

Introduction: In India 7 million people suffer from burn injury, out of which, 7 lakh need hospital admission and 2.4 lakh become disabled. Burn injuries have varied aetiological factors with varied demographic profile. The cause of death is in direct link to percentage and depth of burn injuries. Hence, this study was undertaken to study the profile of burn patients and come to conclusion of the aetiological factors leading to mortality in burn cases.
Aims & Objectives: To describe the profile of burn injuries related death based on retrospective study of eight years in a tertiary care centre in Western Maharashtra, and  to study the burn injuries fatalities based on age, sex, place of residence, cause of injuries body surface area affected  and cause of death.
Materials & Methods: A 8 year retrospective data of all the autopsies conducted where the cause of death was due to burns were studied as per aim and objective of study. The data from 2011 to 2018 were studied.
Results: A total of 87 cases died due to burn injuries in the period from 2011 to 2018. Total autopsies conducted for all cases at the centre were 1976.  Maximum cases were seen (42.72%) in 16-30 years age group. 75.86 % were female victims. The urban setting was involved in 37.93 % and rural setting was in 66.87%. The cause of death was septicemia in 68 cases, shock in 12 cases, asphyxia in 5 cases and renal failure in 2 cases. The most common percentage of burns leading to fatalities was above 60 % burns. As per the cause, 75.86% cases were due to flame burns.
Conclusion: The epidemiological factors of the burn injuries are varied in different regions of world. For effective planning and preventing burn injuries, the approach has to be multi pronged like awareness, education and early treatment.

Keywords: Profile, Burns, Septicaemia.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijfmts.2019.031

How to cite : Khan R N, Radhakrishna K V, Rautji R, Chaturvedi Y, Dhokia G, Profile of deaths due to burn injuries: A retrospective study of eight years in a tertiary care centre in Western Maharashtra. IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci 2019;4(4):137-139

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)