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IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences


Pattern of injuries in road traffic accidents cases reporting to accident and emergency department of a hospital in Maharashtra


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Research Article

Author Details : Yasho Chaturvedi, Rashid Nehal Khan*, Ravi Rautji, K V Radhakrishna

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 140-142


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Abstract

Introduction: Roads are considered a sign of development bringing a lot of advantages to people of this planet. Yet, growth of road network has brought road crashes leading to premature deaths and frequently morbidity and disability of productive age group. A study has been designed to study the pattern of injuries and associated demographic factors.
Aim & Objective: To record the pattern of injuries after conducting the examination of the victims of Road Traffic Accident and study the demographic factors.
Results: A total of 226 patients were examined who were victims of road traffic accidents. Among victims 190 were male (84.07%) and 36 (15.93%) were female. 30.97% cases were seen in 21-30 years age group which was highest in different age distribution. Abrasions were most common in non fatal accidents (54.62%) followed by contusion (20.25%). The most common anatomical part to be injured is lower limb (37.39%) followed by upper limb and face. Among fractures, upper limb fractures (n=22) were more common than lower limb fractures (n=12). Most of the victims were two-wheeler riders ie 38.20%. The most common site of accident was the straight roads (45.13%) followed by highways.
Conclusion: It may be concluded that there is urgent need to address the epidemic carnage on the roads. Road traffic deaths are to a great extent preventable if due care is taken both by individual and also by the administrative authorities.

Keywords: Road Traffic Accidents, Injuries, Accident and Emergency Department.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijfmts.2019.032

How to cite : Chaturvedi Y, Khan R N, Rautji R, Radhakrishna K V, Pattern of injuries in road traffic accidents cases reporting to accident and emergency department of a hospital in Maharashtra. IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci 2019;4(4):140-142

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)