COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 443

Article download: 153

IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences

Study of chronology of closure of cranial sutures in females

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : Yashwant Kumar Singh, Rajneesh Kumar Pandey*, Harish S., Girish Chandra YP

Volume : 3, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 45-49

Suggest article by email


Various features in an unknown body aid in establishing identity of the deceased, which is a challenging task for forensic experts at autopsy, of which age estimation is an integral part. Various methods are used to estimate age at death, such as, in the sub-adult group; appearance and fusion of primary and secondary ossification centers, epiphyseal union, and tooth eruption, which have long been studied and proved useful. In adults; pubic symphysis, auricular surface of hip bone, sternal ends of rib, cranial suture closure, secondary dental changes and histological methods have been mentioned in various studies.
Estimation of age becomes difficult as the age advances, particularly after the age of 20?25 years. One such index in age estimation beyond 25 years is the closure of the cranial sutures both ectocranially and endocranially. Hence this study is undertaken to find out the age of cranial suture closure in females and its reliability in estimating age.

Keywords: Cranial suture closure, Endocranial, Ectocranial.

Doi : 10.18231/2456-9615.2018.0012

How to cite : Singh Y K , Pandey R K , Harish S., Girish Chandra Yp, Study of chronology of closure of cranial sutures in females. IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci 2018;3(3):45-49

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (