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IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences


Study of trends of poisoning according to site of consumption, associated co-morbidity and mode of consumption of the poison in acute poisoning cases


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Review Article

Author Details : Bhushan Vashishtha*

Volume : 4, Issue : 3, Year : 2019

Article Page : 71-73


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Abstract

Introduction: This hospital based prospective observational study was carried out over a period of one year duration from 01/01/2016 to 31/12/2016 in Pt B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India to study distribution of acute poisoning cases according to mode of intake, associated co-morbidity and site of consumption of the poison.
Materials and Methods: All admitted and brought dead cases of acute poisoning were included in the study. Cases of known snake bite and other sting bites were not included in this study. Comprehensive proforma for the study was designed and relevant data of the individual poisoning cases was collected from the post mortem register maintained in the Mortuary of Department of Forensic Medicine of Pt B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, an apex institute of the state. Data was statistically analyzed.
Observations: In the study period total 1483 autopsies were conducted and 338 were the deaths due to acute poisoning. 96.2% cases had Ingestion as the mode of consumption while Inhalation contributed 3.8% in the mode of consumption. Associated co-morbidity was present in 72.2% cases and 89.9% cases of acute poisoning occurred at home.
Results with Conclusion: The present study helps to interpret the common mode, associated co-morbidity and site of consumption of the poisonous substance so that necessary measures can be taken to prevent the further rise in the number of cases.

Keywords: Ingestion, Inhalation, Acute poisoning, Co-morbidity and poisoning.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijfmts.2019.016

How to cite : Vashishtha B, Study of trends of poisoning according to site of consumption, associated co-morbidity and mode of consumption of the poison in acute poisoning cases. IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci 2019;4(3):71-73

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Forensic Med Toxicol Sci. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)