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IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine


Management of tracheo-bronchial foreign bodies at a tertiary care hospital in Eastern part of India


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Case Report

Author Details : Chinmaya SSundar Ray, Krishna Arpita Sahoo*

Volume : 5, Issue : 2, Year : 2020

Article Page : 119-126


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Abstract

Introduction: Accidental Foreign body aspiration is common in children presenting to emergency
outpatient department. Early diagnosis from clinical and radiological investigations is pivotal for successful
removal of aspirated foreign body. We here report 35 cases of foreign body aspiration with respect to
clinical features, type and location of foreign body, complications during bronchoscopy.
Aims & Objectives : To evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis & management of tracheo-bronchial
foreign bodies in a tertiary care hospital
Materials & Methods: This was a retrospective study of 35 cases of foreign body removal done between
January2018to January2020. We included those cases that had history of aspiration, sudden onset of
breathlessness or choking sensation in a healthy person, recurrent respiratory infections with clinical or
radiological evidence, and suspicion of foreign body. Every case was documented with respect to age,
sex, nature, site of foreign body lodgement, duration between inhalation or symptoms and admission
in a hospital, clinical symptoms and signs, chest radiography findings, results and complications of
bronchoscopy.
Results: The most common age group was between 1-6 years. Most of the patients attended hospital after 7
days of aspiration without any emergencies. History of aspiration and respiratory distress were the common
presentation. Fever was present in those who presented late to the emergency department. About 25 cases
(71.4%) had diminished or absent breath sounds followed by 12 cases (50%) of stridor, 15 cases (42.8%)
diminished percussion notes. The common radiographic finding is obstructive emphysema and commonest
site was right bronchus. Most of the foreign bodies were vegetative in nature.
Conclusion: Early investigation with bronchoscopy is warranted when a strong clinical suspicion exists
for foreign body aspiration, since bronchoscopy helps to resolve the symptoms quickly and prevent further
complications

Keywords: Foreign body aspiration, Rigid bronchoscopy, Trachea, Bronchus.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijirm.2020.043

How to cite : Ray C S, Sahoo K A, Management of tracheo-bronchial foreign bodies at a tertiary care hospital in Eastern part of India. IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med 2020;5(2):119-126

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)