COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Print ISSN:-2581-382X

Online ISSN:-2581-3838


Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 6 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 701

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 193

IP International Journal of Maxillofacial Imaging

Determination of skeletal maturity- a comparison of three methods

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Author Details : Vibhuti Kaul, Rudra Kaul, Altaf Hussain Chalkoo, Akshay Gupta, Shafait Ullah Khateeb

Volume : 3, Issue : 3, Year : 2017

Article Page : 86-91

Suggest article by email


1.        To evaluate the reliability of using middle phalanx for third finger (MP3) & mandibular second molar (37) as indicators of skeletal age by relating their ossification/calcification stages to those of the cervical vertebrae (CV).
2.        To determine whether any significant difference exists between the sexes when MP3, 37 & CV are used as maturity indicators.
Materials and Method: 20 children (10 girls and 10 boys) between 8-16 years of age were included and divided into two groups each (8-11 & 12-16 yrs). All the children were subjected to: Lateral cephalogram, IOPA 37, Digital radiograph of the MP3 region. Staging was done according to different methods and assessed by three examiners. The inter- and intra-examiner variability were determined by the Wilcoxon signed rank test and the Kruskal-Wallis test and were found to be non-significant. Examiner A was selected to evaluate all radiographs as she showed the least intraexaminer variability.
Statistical Analysis: Performed using SPSS version 20. The correlation between the percentage distribution of the subjects within the MP3 and 37 stages with CVMI and the peak-wise distribution of the MP3 and 37 stages were statistically analyzed using Pearson's chi-square test; ANOVA was used to determine the correlation between the MP3 & 37 stages with the calendar age.
Results: The correlation between MP3 & CVMI and 37 & CVMI stages were found to be highly significant.
Conclusions: Digital radiography of MP3 and 37 can be used conveniently for skeletal maturity assessment.

CVMI, MP3, 37, Digital radiograph, Skeletal and maturity

How to cite : Kaul V, Kaul R, Chalkoo A H, Gupta A, Khateeb S U, Determination of skeletal maturity- a comparison of three methods. IP Int J Maxillofac Imaging 2017;3(3):86-91

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP Int J Maxillofac Imaging. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (