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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Efficiency of some commonly used disinfectants on bacterial isolates from critical areas of tertiary care hospital


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Research Article

Author Details : Sangita Rajdev*, Noopur Patel, Summaiya Mullan, Arpita Shah

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 226-229


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Abstract

Aim of the study: Monitoring bacterial susceptibility to antimicrobials and disinfectants may help the
management of nosocomial infection. Environmental surfaces are epidemiologically important reservoir
of nosocomial bacterial species. The successful eradication of these pathogens with antibiotics has been
complicated by the development of highly resistant strains as well as the appearance of new virulent
pathogens.
Materials and Methods: Mop water with added disinfectant was collected from critical areas of
the hospital which were- surgical operation theatre, ophthalmology operation theatre, and intensive
care unit of medicine. Isolates were tested by surface test method for efficacy of 6 commonly used
disinfectants; Sodium hypochlorite, Phenyl black, Povidone iodine, Lysol (cresol) - benzalkonium chloride,
Chloroxylenol & Chlorhexidine for recommended dilutions.
Results: Majority of isolates were from M-ICU. Strains representative of GNB (gram negative bacilli)
were most prevalent as compared to NFGNR. Recommended dilution of all the disinfectant was found
satisfactory except phenyl black. Recommended dilution for phenyl black is 1:200 in water and as per our
results of the study; MIC and MBC of organisms were found to be high. So it is recommended to use it in
the critical areas of hospital with caution.
Conclusion: The problem of hospital infection is a real one. Antibiotic resistant NFGNR, especially
Pseudomonas spp. have played a predominant role. Antimicrobial activity of disinfectants may be
influenced by their formation, level of organic load, synergy, temperature, dilution rate and tests methods.
Disinfectant testing strategies should be part of any healthcare infection control policy.

Keywords: Disinfectants, Bacteria, Surface test.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmmtd.2019.052

How to cite : Rajdev S , Patel N, Mullan S, Shah A, Efficiency of some commonly used disinfectants on bacterial isolates from critical areas of tertiary care hospital. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2019;5(4):226-229

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)