COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 14th April 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 14th April 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Article view: 795

Article download: 194

IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Upsurge of Salmonella Paratyphi a infection in and around Puducherry following the torrential rains of December 2015


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Anandhalakshmi S, Sandhya Bhat K, Shreyas Venkataraman, Reba Kanungo

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2017

Article Page : 155-159


Suggest article by email

Abstract

Introduction: Incidence of Salmonella Paratyphi A is on the increasing trend as compared to S.Typhi in the past few decades, in India. This upsurge in the incidence of paratyphoid fever is a large financial burden and of great public health concern. Following heavy rain fall, we observed clustering of paratyphoid cases from Puducherry. Hence this study was conducted to evaluate the demographic profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of these S.Paratyphi A isolates.
Material & Methods: Retrospective analysis was done among 43 paratyphoid cases, for analysing their demographic profile, clinical profile, antibiogram pattern and treatment given for them.
Results: All 43 S.Paratyphi A isolates were from in and around Puducherry within 10 kilometers, with similar clinical profile and showed uniform susceptibility to first line antibiotics, azithromycin and ceftriaxone. All the isolates showed reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin. The outbreak lasted for four months, and probably due to good sanitation, water chlorination and good drainage facilities helped to control the outbreak.
Conclusion: S.Paratyphi A is replacing S.Typhi in Puducherry. Clustering of cases with same antibiogram over a short time period in a geographically restricted area needs to be further evaluated as an outbreak, which has to be tackled precisely and effective preventive measures needs to be undertaken to prevent such outbreaks in future.

Keywords: Salmonella Paratyphi A, Paratyphoid Fever, Outbreak, Ciprofloxacin, Rain Fall, Antibiogram, Young Adults, Puducherry.

How to cite : Anandhalakshmi S, Sandhya Bhat K, Venkataraman S, Kanungo R, Upsurge of Salmonella Paratyphi a infection in and around Puducherry following the torrential rains of December 2015. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2017;3(4):155-159

Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)