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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Antibiogram of klebsiella pneumoniae recovered from blood stream infection at tertiary care hospital, Baroda, Gujarat


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Author Details : Rachana A. Bhavsar*, Kinal V. Shah, Hiral Patel, Jignasha Tadvi

Volume : 4, Issue : 3, Year : 2018

Article Page : 138-140


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Abstract

Introduction: Antimicrobial abuse is a serious risk factor for the emergence of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. Multidrug resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae is an increasing cause of blood stream infections in India and in other developing countries.
Aim: This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae in blood stream infections and their susceptibility pattern at S. S. G. Hospital, Baroda.
Material and Methods: 169 isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae were obtained from blood culture samples from hospitalized patients. K.pneumoniae species were identified based on biochemical reactions. Their sensitivity pattern were checked by Kirby-bauer disc diffusion technique as per CLSI guideline. Antimicrobial discs used were Ceftazidime (30µg), Cefotaxime (30µg), Imipenem (10 µg), Levofloxacin (5 µg), Aztreonam (30 µg), Co-trimoxzole (25 µg), Ampicilin (10 µg), Gentamicin (10 µg), Amikacin (30 µg), Doxycycline (30 µg).
Results: 950 blood cultures were studied from suspected patients and the prevalence of K. pneumoniae among them was checked with its antimicrobial susceptibility at Department of Microbiology, Tertiary care hospital, Gujarat. Among 950 suspected patients in the study period, K.pneumoniae was found in 169 blood culture samples.
Conclusion: Infections with K.pneumoniae are increasing, particularly among paediatric patients. This pathogen is usually multidrug-resistant and there are limited treatment options available. This result warns us for implementation of infection control measures to limit intra-institutional spread of these organisms. 

Keyword: K.pneumoniae, Antimicrobial tests, Infection control.

Doi : 10.18231/2581-4761.2018.0030

How to cite : Bhavsar R A, Shah K V, Patel H, Tadvi J, Antibiogram of klebsiella pneumoniae recovered from blood stream infection at tertiary care hospital, Baroda, Gujarat. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2018;4(3):138-140

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)