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IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


A study on the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in patients with coronary artery disease in a tertiary care hospital


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Author Details : Prabhu Vairavel*, C.P. Ramani

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2018

Article Page : 272-275


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Abstract

Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death in developing and developed countries. Infectious etiology is also suspected to be a significant risk factor in these cases. CMV is a beta herpes virus. Once infected, the person carries the virus for life.80% adults show CMV specific antibodies in their serum indicating the high prevalence of CMV infection.
Aim: To know the seroprevalence of CMV infection in patients with CAD
Materials and Methods: Clinically stable patients undergoing coronary angiography because of symptoms suspected of CAD were included in the study. The samples were tested for specific anti-CMV IgG antibodies by ELISA
Results: Of 150 patients, 86 % had detectable quantities of anti-CMV IgG antibodies in their serum. 15 patients (10%) were found to be ‘borderline positive,’ and the antibody index was between 0.9 to 1.1. 6 patients (4%) did not have detectable quantities of anti-CMV IgG antibodies in their serum. Prevalence of CAD was 100% in the study group.
Conclusion: Cytomegalovirus is an essential cause of atherosclerosis due to the infectious burden. In the study population, 86% of the patients showed elevated levels of anti-CMV IgG antibody. So, there is an association between CMV infection and coronary artery disease.

Keywords: Coronary artery diseases, Cytomegalovirus, Infection.

Doi : 10.18231/2581-4761.2018.0058

How to cite : Vairavel P , Ramani C , A study on the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in patients with coronary artery disease in a tertiary care hospital. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2018;4(4):272-275

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)