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IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology


Incidence of rotaviral diarrhea and its clinical profile comparison in under 5 children


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Author Details : Aravind Thirugnanasambandam. N., Subburaman. V.S.

Volume : 4, Issue : 1, Year : 2018

Article Page : 3-6


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Abstract

Introduction: Rotavirus causes 40% of all hospital admissions due to diarrhea in under 5 children worldwide.
Objectives: To study the incidence and clinical profile of rotaviral diarrhea and comparison of clinical, lab and demographic parameters with non rotaviral causes.
Materials and Methods: Children presenting with acute diarrhea, defined as passage of 3 or more loose watery stools in under 5 years were examined for rotavirus using latex agglutination test. The incidence was calculated and the statistical difference in various clinical parameters plotted using chi square technique.
Results: A total of 188 cases were enrolled for the study. 40 cases were tested positive accounting for 21%. Peak age group was 7 months to 2 years. Socioeconomically lower and middle groups, severe dehydration and hospital stay more than 4 days were more closely associated with rotaviral diarrhea.
Conclusion: The incidence of rotaviral diarrhea was 21% in our study among 188 enrolled cases of acute diarrhea. Age group, severe dehydration, socioeconomic group and duration of hospital stay were significantly different in rotaviral diarrhea children.

Keywords: Rotaviral diarrhea, Non-rotaviral diarrhea, Hospital stay, Dehydration.

Doi : 10.18231/2455-6793.2018.0002

How to cite : Aravind Thirugnanasambandam. N., V.s. S, Incidence of rotaviral diarrhea and its clinical profile comparison in under 5 children. IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol 2018;4(1):3-6

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)