COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details. editor@innovativepublication.com, rakesh.its@gmail.com, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Covid Alert


Print ISSN:-2581-4699

Online ISSN:-2581-4702

CODEN : IIJMBO

Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 6 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 434

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 153

IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology


Study of prevalence and risk factors associated with respiratory illness in children admitted in a teaching hospital in rural Telangana


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details : Gopal Singh Khetavath, Vanagond K. Kavitha*

Volume : 4, Issue : 4, Year : 2018

Article Page : 157-160


Suggest article by email

Abstract

Introduction: Acute respiratory tract illness is common in children especially under 5 years of age. Poor hygiene, poor sanitation, over-crowding are the major risk factors for respiratory infections in paediatric age group.
Aim of the Study: To study the prevalence and risk factors associated with respiratory illness in children admitted in a teaching hospital in rural Telangana.
Materials and Methods: This was a hospital based cross sectional descriptive study done for duration of 2 years from August 2016 to July 2018 in the department of paediatrics at Government Medical College, Nizamabad, Telangana. About 3678 children with respiratory illness aged 2 months to 12 years were included in the study.
Results: The prevalence of respiratory illnesses is about 30.65%. Of the 3678 children admitted with respiratory illness majority were among 2 months to 12 months, 38.8% (1428/3678) followed by 35.6% (1312/3678) among 1 year to 5 years. Boys comprised 68.7% (2527/3678) and girls were 31.2% (1151/3678). Based on clinical symptoms, 86.7% of children with respiratory illness had cough. In the present study most common respiratory illness was acute bronchiolitis (38.4%) followed by bronchopneumonia (28.2%), and bronchial asthma in 13.9% cases. Others were 1.7% of foreign body aspirations, 2.7% of bronchiectasis, 7.9% of pleural effusions, 1.1% of aspiration pneumonitis, and 5.7% of pulmonary tuberculosis. Over-crowding and poor sanitation were present in 88.8% of cases.
Conclusion: In the present study the prevalence of respiratory illness among children aged 2 months to12 years was about 30.6% and risk factors associated with respiratory illnesses were poor sanitation, overcrowding, and low socioeconomic status.

Keywords: Respiratory illnesses, Prevalence in children, Risk factors for respiratory illness.

Doi : 10.18231/2581-4702.2018.0035

How to cite : Khetavath G S, Kavitha V K, Study of prevalence and risk factors associated with respiratory illness in children admitted in a teaching hospital in rural Telangana. IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol 2018;4(4):157-160

Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)