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IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology


Clinical profile and outcome in a paediatric intensive care unit in tertiary level centre of Bihar


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Research Article

Author Details : Ravindra Kumar, Sunil Kishore*, Rakesh Kumar, Jayant Prakash

Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2020

Article Page : 89-92


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Abstract

Aim: To study was to analyze demographic profile and outcome in a tertiary care hospital Pediatric Intensive care (PICU) in Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Bihar.
Materials and Methods: This Retrospective study was carried out in Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Bihar from August 2018 to July 2019.
Results: A total of 384 patients were admitted during the period. Out of total admissions 246(64%) were male and 138(36%) were girls. Mechanical ventilation rate was 67(17.4%). 57 patients died in PICU given a mortality rate of 13.8%. The mean age was 5.2 years (ranging from 1 day to 14 years). Average length of Hospital stay was 8.26±6.6 days. Diagnoses included neurological (18.02%), respiratory (17.1%), renal (14.6%), infectious (9.8%), haematological (6.7%), cardiac (6.3%) other surgical (14.6%). Patients who died had statistically worse severity scores. Significant mortality risk factors were high inotropic score and PRISM III>10.
Conclusions: Demographic profile of our PICU patients showed similar characteristics as those of reported in different relevant studies with minor differences in few aspects. The overall results of this study are encouraging and development of new PICUs in our state is the need of the day.

Keywords: Pediatric intensive care unit, Pediatric risk of mortality PRISM III, Mortality.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmpo.2019.020

How to cite : Kumar R, Kishore S, Kumar R, Prakash J, Clinical profile and outcome in a paediatric intensive care unit in tertiary level centre of Bihar. IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol 2020;5(3):89-92

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Paediatr Oncol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)