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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research

Effectiveness of bacterial inoculum as partial substitute for cow dung in the installation and stabilization of biogas plant

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Research Article

Author Details : Susmitha V*, Raghunandanan V R, Mariya Midhu Francis

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 313-316

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The prominence of biogas plants for source centric waste management is increasing rapidly. Fresh cow
dung is essential for installation of biogas plant. However, its availability is rare in urban areas. In order
to help enhance the rate of installation of biogas plants in urban areas, inoculum might be useful. This
study aims at developing a bacterial inoculum as a partial substitute for fresh cow dung that sustains the
fermenting activity in the biogasdigester. Pure culture of cow dung-derived Bacilli sp. was made and their
activity during the initial hydrolysis of organic matter in biogas plant was assessed. The active bacteria,
Bacillus subtilis was identified by 16S r-DNA analysis. Dose-activity links of the inoculum under various
feedstock combinations of cow dung and vegetable waste were studied based on 60-day biogas yield.
Methane level of the 24-hour stock of biogas was sensed indirectly as heat value of combustion captured
in 5 litres water. A feedstock combination of 30 kg fresh cow dung, 30 kg vegetable waste and 2.25-liter
inoculum when used for installation of 1M3 biogas plant developed stable bacterial consortium in 15-day
retention time and performed well on subsequent addition of vegetable waste. The inoculum was effective
in the range 25 to 40 ml per kg cow dung-withdrawn. The study showed that cow dung-based biogas
installation can be replaced by using one- fourth dung, an equal quantity of organic waste and the bacterial
inoculum in the prescribeddose.

Keywords: Biogas, Cow dung, Bacillus sp, Inoculum, Hydrolytic retention time.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmr.2019.067

How to cite : Susmitha V, Raghunandanan V R, Francis M M, Effectiveness of bacterial inoculum as partial substitute for cow dung in the installation and stabilization of biogas plant. Indian J Microbiol Res 2019;6(4):313-316

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (