COVID-19 Update - This is to inform you that the Government of India has announced a complete lockdown in India 22nd March 2020 to 3rd May 2020. As a result, our offices will now be closed till 3rd May 2020 and all our employees will be working from home. Office telephones will not be answered, and therefore you are requested to direct all your queries related to manuscript submission, review process, publication etc. at below mentioned details.,, Mob. 8826373757, 8826859373, 9910947804

Print ISSN:-2394-546X

Online ISSN:-2394-5478


Current Issue

Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 1

Article Access statistics

Viewed: 226

Emailed: 0

PDF Downloaded: 147

Indian Journal of Microbiology Research

Microbiological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates in dacryocystitis: A prospective study in a tertiary care hospital

Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

Research Article

Author Details : Thressia Thomas*, Meena Dias, Bichu Joseph Maliakal

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 328-335

Suggest article by email


Introduction: Dacryocystitis is a threatening ophthalmic problem, which affects patients of every age. It
is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and duct. Acute dacryocystitis, experience severe morbidity while
chronic dacryocystitis is rarely associated with morbidity unless caused by a systemic disease.
Objective: This study was done to identify and isolate the causative agents of dacryocystitis, detect their
antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and determine the contributing risk factors.
Materials and Methods: This prospective study was conducted for a period of 112
years. Pus samples
from 100 patients with dacryocystitis were obtained and processed in the Microbiology laboratory in a
tertiary care center.
Results: The most common aerobic Gram-positive bacteria were Staphylococcus epidermidis (29.7%)
and Staphylococcus aureus (20.3%). The common Gram-negative bacteria were Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(9.4%) and E coli (9.4%). Gram-positive isolates were most sensitive to vancomycin. Gram-negative
isolates were most sensitive to colistin.
Conclusion: Higher culture positivity emphasizes the clinicians about the significance of this disease and
the need to investigate for the presence of the symptom of nasolacrimal obstruction. The knowledge of
bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibility is necessary for implementation of a management protocol to
reduce the cost burden and emergence of drug resistant strains.

Keywords: Dacryocystitis, Dacryocystorhinostomy, Epiphora, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Vancomycin.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmr.2019.070

How to cite : Thomas T , Dias M, Maliakal B J, Microbiological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates in dacryocystitis: A prospective study in a tertiary care hospital. Indian J Microbiol Res 2019;6(4):328-335

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (