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CODEN : IJMR06

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Year 2020

Volume: 7 , Issue: 1

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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Microbiological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates in dacryocystitis: A prospective study in a tertiary care hospital


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Research Article

Author Details : Thressia Thomas*, Meena Dias, Bichu Joseph Maliakal

Volume : 6, Issue : 4, Year : 2019

Article Page : 328-335


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Abstract

Introduction: Dacryocystitis is a threatening ophthalmic problem, which affects patients of every age. It
is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and duct. Acute dacryocystitis, experience severe morbidity while
chronic dacryocystitis is rarely associated with morbidity unless caused by a systemic disease.
Objective: This study was done to identify and isolate the causative agents of dacryocystitis, detect their
antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and determine the contributing risk factors.
Materials and Methods: This prospective study was conducted for a period of 112
years. Pus samples
from 100 patients with dacryocystitis were obtained and processed in the Microbiology laboratory in a
tertiary care center.
Results: The most common aerobic Gram-positive bacteria were Staphylococcus epidermidis (29.7%)
and Staphylococcus aureus (20.3%). The common Gram-negative bacteria were Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(9.4%) and E coli (9.4%). Gram-positive isolates were most sensitive to vancomycin. Gram-negative
isolates were most sensitive to colistin.
Conclusion: Higher culture positivity emphasizes the clinicians about the significance of this disease and
the need to investigate for the presence of the symptom of nasolacrimal obstruction. The knowledge of
bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibility is necessary for implementation of a management protocol to
reduce the cost burden and emergence of drug resistant strains.

Keywords: Dacryocystitis, Dacryocystorhinostomy, Epiphora, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Vancomycin.

Doi : 10.18231/j.ijmr.2019.070

How to cite : Thomas T , Dias M, Maliakal B J, Microbiological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates in dacryocystitis: A prospective study in a tertiary care hospital. Indian J Microbiol Res 2019;6(4):328-335

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) (creativecommons.org)